Archive for the ‘Sewa Container’ Category

Ukuran dan Jenis Container

Jenis-Jenis container

Untuk menentukan jenis container yang mana yang cocok untuk digunakan memuat cargo kita, Anda perlu mengetahui terlebih dahulu ukuran dan jenis container. Berdasarkan ukuran, container dibedakan menjadi container 20ft, 40ft, 40HC ft dan 45 ft. sedangkan berdasarkan jenis cargo muatan dikenal dengan dry, reefer, dan special container.

Berikut adalah penjelasan mengenai tipe dan ukuran container dari daftar equipment standar internasional di sebuah pelayaran. Tapi perlu diingat bahwa dimensi container bisa bervariasi pada masing-masing seri container, meski tidak terlalu signifikan.

Dry containers

Terdapat beberapa ukuran dan model/jenis container dry:

  • 20′ dengan payload (Bisa memuat) sampai 28.3 metrik ton. Tapi perlu diingat standar yang diperbolehkan pengelola pelabuhan tidak sama di masing – masing negara. Untuk di Indonesia, rata-rata untuk pengiriman internasional hanya diperbolehkan sampai maksimum 20ton, demikian juga di wilayah sebagian besar Asia. Sedangkan di Chili dan sebagian besar negara Amerika Tengah maksimum 18ton.
  • 40′ – baik yang standard 8’6″ and maupun 9’6″ high cube – dengan payload sampai 30.4 metrik ton. Batas muatan yang diperbolehkan biasanya sampai 27 – 28 ton. Kalau di wilayah Amerika Serikat malah hanya 25ton.
  • 45′ – dengan ukuran 9’6″ high cube – dengan total kapasitas 86 meter kubik.

Dry/steel atau Dry/aluminium

Type Exterior Interior Weight Door Opening
Length Width Height Length Width Height Gross

Weight

Tare

Weight

Net

Weight

Width Height
20′ Steel Dry Cargo container 20′-0” 8′-0” 8′-6” 19′-4

13/16”

7′-8

19/32”

7′-9

57/64”

52,910lb 5,140lb 47,770lb 7′-8

1/8”

7′-5

3/4”

67,200lb 5,290lb 61,910lb
6.058m 2.438m 2.591m 5.898m 2.352m 2.385m 24,000kg 2,330kg 21,670kg 2.343m 2.280m
30,480kg 2,400kg 28,080kg
40′ Steel Dry Cargo container 40′-0” 8′-0” 8′-6” 39′-5

45/64”

7′-8

19/32”

7′-9

57/64”

67,200lb 8,820lb 58,380lb 7′-8

1/8”

7′-5

3/4”

12.192m 2.438m 2.591m 12.032m 2.352m 2.385m 30,480kg 4,000kg 26,480kg 2.343m 2.280m
40′ Hi-Cube Steel Dry Cargo container 40′-0” 8′-0” 9′-6” 39′-5

45/64”

7′-8

19/32”

8′-9

15/16”

67,200lb 9,260lb 57,940lb 7′-8

1/8”

8′-5

49/64”

12.192m 2.438m 2.896m 12.032m 2.352m 2.69m 30,480kg 4,200kg 26,280kg 2.343m 2.585m
45′ Hi-Cube Steel Dry Cargo container 45′-0” 8′-0” 9′-6” 44′-5 7/10” 7′-8 19/32” 8′-10 17/64” 67,200lb 10,858lb 56,342lb 7′-8

1/8”

8′-5

49/64”

71,650lb 10,360lb 61,290lb 7′-8

1/8”

8′-5

49/64”

13.716m 2.438m 2.896m 13.556m 2.352m 2.698m 30,480kg 4,870kg 25,610kg 2.340m 2.585m
32,500kg 4,700kg 27,800kg 2.340m 2.585m

Beberapa pelayaran menyedikan container untuk kebutuhan khusus, misalnya ,

- container yang dilengkapi dengan beams hanger yang digunakan untuk mengirim garment/ baju dengan digantung tanpa packing karton,

- container dengan extra payload atau ukuran pintu lebih besar untuk muatan dengan berat dan dimensi lebih besar.

- Bull rings dan lashing bars untuk pengikat cargo

- container yang berjendela (Ventilated containers) untuk hasil bumi yang membutuhkan sirkulasi udara misalnya kopi, coklat, bawang merah, bawang putih, dll.

Reefer

Sedangkan untuk barang- barang perishable yang membutuhkan perlakuan khusus misalnya ikan, sayur, buah baik segar maupun beku, kita bisa menggunakan container reefer yang dilengkapi dengan mesin pendingin yang bisa kita atur suhu container sesuai kebutuhan. Detail penanganan perishable cargo akan dijelaskan peda kesempatan yang lain. Sehingga kualitas dan daya tahan cargo tetap terjaga sampai diterima buyer di negara tujuan.

Type Exterior Interior Weight
Length Width Height Length Width Height Gross

Weight

Tare

Weight

20′ M.G.S.S. Refrigerated container 20′-0” 8′-0” 8′-6” 18′- 17/32” 7′-6 15/32” 7′-5 39/54” 67,180lb 6,700lb
6.058m 2.438m 2.591m 5.5m 2.298m 2.276m 30,480kg 3,040kg
20′ Aluminum Refrigerated container 20′-0” 8′-0” 8′-6” 17′-9 15/16” 7′-6” 7′-3 63/64” 52,800lb 6,314lb
6.058m 2.438m 2.591m 5.543m 2.286m 2.235m 24,000kg 2,870kg
40′ M.G.S.S. Hi-Cube Refrigerated container 40′-0” 8′-0” 9′-6” 37′-11 55/64″ 7′-6 15/32” 8′-4 5/32” 74,960lb 9,150lb
12.192m 2.438m 2.896m 11.579m 2.298m 2.544m 34,000kg 4,150kg
40′ Hi-Cube Aluminum Refrigerated container 40′-0” 8′-0” 9′-6” 38′-1 13/32″ 7′-6” 8′-2 23/32” 67,200lb 9,480lb
12.192m 2.438m 2.896m 11.618m 2.286m 2.507m 30,480kg 4,300kg

Biasanya container-container reefer ini dilengkapi dengan fitur-fitur khusus seperti :

- Dehumidification system yang menjamin suhu dan kelembaban container.

- Bahkan Super freezer container bisa menjaga suhu terenda pada -60°C/ -76°F

Special equipment container

Untuk cargo – cargo khusus baik dimensi maupun beratnya melebihi batas maksimal penggunaan container biasa, terdapat container khusus yang disediakan untuk barang-barang tersebut.

- flat racks dan artificial tween decks (ATD) baik 20′ and 40′, yaitu container yang tidak memiliki dinding atau atap permanen atau dinding containernya bisa dibuka-tutup sesuai kebutuhan. Cocok untuk proses pemuatan barang dari atas maupun samping container. Biasanya digunakan untuk mesin-mesin berat, pipa, dll.

- Open Top container, 20′ and 40′ yang atapnya bisa terbuka atau ditutup dengan terpal.

Type Exterior Interior Weight
Length Width Height Length Width Height Gross

Weight

Tare

Weight

Net

Weight

20′ Full Height Open Top container 20′-0” 8′-0” 8′-6” 19′-4 4/5” 7′-8 4/5” 7′-8 3/5” 67,200lb 5,140lb 62,060lb
52,910lb 5,310lb 47,600lb
6.058m 2.438m 2.591m 5.898m 2.352m 2.348m 30,480kg 2,330kg 28,150kg
24,000kg 2,410kg 21,590kg
20 ‘ Flat Rack container with Four Freestanding Posts 20′-0” 8′-0” 8′-6” 18′-6 7/16” 6′-7 59/64” 6′-9 39/64” 66,140lb 6,150lb 59,990lb
6.058m 2.438m 2.591m 5.650m 2.030m 2.073m 30,000kg 2,790kg 27,210kg
20′ Flat Rack container with Collapsible Ends 20′-0” 8′-0” 8′-6” 18′-5 31/32” 7′-3 23/32” 7′-3 59/64” 74,950lb 6,370lb 68,580lb
6.058m 2.438m 2.591m 5.638m 2.228m 2.233m 34,000kg 2,890kg 31,110kg
40′ Flat Rack container with Four Freestanding Posts 40′-0” 8′-0” 8′-6” 38′-7 15/16” 6′-7 59/64” 6′-4 1/2” 99,210lb 11,908lb 87,302lb
12.192m 2.438m 2.591m 11.784m 2.030m 1.943m 45,000kg 5,400kg 39,600kg
40′ Flat Rack container with Collapsible Ends 40′-0” 8′-0” 8′-6” 38′-7 39/64” 7′-3 23/32” 6′-4 61/64” 99,210lb 10,800lb 89,410lb
12.192m 2.438m 2.591m 11.752m 2.374m 1.955m 45,000kg 4,900kg 40,100kg
40′ Full Height Open Top container 40′-0” 8′-0” 8′-6” 39′-7” 7′-8 9/10” 7′-8 3/5” 67,200lb 9,499lb 57,701lb
12.192m 2.438m 2.591m 12.032m 2.352m 2.348m 30,480kg 4,300kg 26,180kg
40′ Hi-Cube Hanger container 40′-0” 8′-0” 9′-6” 39′-5 45/64″ 7′-8 19/32″ 8′-9 15/16″ 67,200lb 9,172lb 58,028lb
12.19m 2.44m 2.90m 12.03m 2.35m 2.69m 30,480kg 4,200kg 26,280kg

What is Container ?

A shipping container is a container with strength suitable to withstand shipment, storage, and handling. Shipping containers range from large reusable steel boxes used for intermodal shipments to the ubiquitous corrugated boxes.

Types of shipping containers

  • Intermodal freight containersFreight containers are a reusable transport and storage unit for moving products and raw materials between locations or countries. There are approximately seventeen million intermodal containers in the world and a large proportion of the world’s long distance freight generated by international trade is transported inside shipping containers.
  • Corrugated boxCorrugated boxes are commonly used as shipping containers. They are made of corrugated fiberboard which is light weight, recyclable, and strong enough to ship a variety of products.
  • Wooden boxWooden boxes are often used for shipping heavy and dense products. They are sometimes specified for shipments of government or military shipments.
  • CrateA crate is a large container, often made of wood, used to transport large, heavy or awkward items. A crate has a self-supporting structure, with or without sheathing.
  • Intermediate bulk shipping containerAn Intermediate bulk container (IBC) is a container used for transport and storage of fluids and bulk materials. The construction may be plastic, composite, steel, stainless steel, etc. Some are foldable (collapsable).
    • Flexible Intermediate Bulk containerA Flexible Intermediate Bulk container, FIBC , big bag, bulk bag, or super sack is a standardized container in large dimensions for storing and transporting and storing granular products. It is often made of a woven synthetic material.
  • Bulk boxA bulk box, bulk bin, skid box, or tote box is a pallet size box used for storage and shipping of bulk quantities.
  • DrumDrums are cylindrical shipping containers made of steel, plastic or fiber. They are often used for liquids and granular materials.
  • Insulated shipping containersInsulated shipping containers are a type of packaging used to ship temperature sensitive products such as foods, pharmaceuticals, and chemicals. They are used as part of a cold chain to help maintain product freshness and efficacy.
  • Unit load deviceA Unit Load Device, or ULD, is a container used to cargo on commercial aircraft.A ULD can be a pallet or container used to load luggage, freight, and mail on wide-body aircraft and specific narrow-body aircraft. It allows a large quantity of cargo to be bundled into a single unit. Since this leads to fewer units to load, it saves ground crews time and effort and helps prevent delayed flights. Each ULD has its own packing list, manifest, or tracking identification to improve control and tracking of contents.
  • Specialized shipping containersCustom containers are used for shipments of products such as weapons and aviation components. Customized cushioning, blocking and bracing, carrying handles, lift rings, locks, etc. are common to facilitate handling and to protect the contents. Often, these shipping containers are reusable.
    • Transit and Flight CaseFlight cases and transit cases are usually custom designed for shipping and carrying fragile equipment: audio visual, camera, instruments, etc. Although generally light in construction, they tend to have reinforced edges and corners.
    • Road CaseRoad cases are often used for shipping musical instruments and theater props
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